Cat Health

Cats give us love and make us smile

As cat owners and people who care deeply for animals and wildlife, we wanted our Cat Encyclopedia to be a website that could empower pet owners to create the most positive, loving environment for their cats. Cat Encyclopedia realizes that owning a house cat is like adding a new member to your family.

For the domestic house cat grooming is more than personal hygiene, it is a reflex behavior. Domestic house cats always groom their face the same way. Saliva is applied to the inside of the front paw and then the pawed is rubbed from back to front in a circular motion around the face. When a domestic house cat licks it's fur, it stimulates the glands in the skin to produce a film of oil that waterproofs the cat's coat. Hairballs occur when hair from grooming accumulates in the cats stomach, forming a solid mass. The hairball rubs against the lining of the stomach and prompts the domestic house cat to vomit. If the hairball lodges deeper in the digestive tract it may cause a blockage and you will need to take the cat to the vet. Signs of a trapped hairball include decreased appetite, constipation, and lethargy.

Daily health care for your domestic house cat includes providing fresh food and water, keeping the litter box clean, grooming the fur, providing love,  and both physical and mental stimulation. Cats are true carnivores and need a diet high in protein, along with some animal fat. While most cats eat only what they need it is important not to let your domestic house cat get overweight. Obesity can cause the onset of various health problems and you risk shortening the life of your cat. An average domestic house cat should weigh between 8-9 pounds and you should be able to feel its ribs but not see them.

Domestic house cats need regular visits to the vet to keep them healthy. You will want to set up a de-worming program to keep internal parasites from causing problems or even death. Cats that go outside or are around other animals will need some type of flea program too. If your domestic house cats stays inside you may need to have its nails clipped regularly. Your vet can show you the proper way to trim the nails. No one knows your domestic house cat better than you, so look for changes in your cat's behavior. Signs of  serious illness in  your cat include: constipation, diarrhea, lethargy or changes in their vital signs.

Learn your cats vital signs: Domestic house cats vital signs vary depending on it's age and the time of year. In hot weather the vital signs rise so check your cats vital signs over the course of a week in both warm and cold weather. Average vital signs for domestic house cats are: 100-102 for the temperature, 160-240 beats a minute for the pulse, 20-30 breathes a minute for the respiration.
grooming is an important reflex for the domestic house cat at House Cats Central domestic house cat getting his dinner at House Cats Central The average domestic house cat sleeps up to 16 hours a day!



You can improve the lives of outdoor cats with Trap-Neuter-Return, the humane and effective approach for feral cats. To successfully trap, neuter, vaccinate, eartip, and return feral cats, you need a plan. These guidelines for humane trapping from Alley Cat Allies, the organization that helped introduce TNR to the United States, will get you on your way!

Cat Breeds:

Cat Encyclopedia has added beautiful dog photographs on each of our Cat Breed pages to enhance your experience. Each section in Cat Encyclopedia helps to educate pet owners, enabling both the cat, and the owner to have a safe, high quality experience.