Cat Breeds- American Wirehair Cat
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Wirehair breed is uniquely American. It began as a spontaneous mutation
in a litter of upstate New York farm cats in 1966. A spontaneous
mutation is an uncommon, although not rare, happening. As it has
occurred among cats in the past, two ordinary cats came together and as
a result of their mating, a kitten unlike its parents or littermates was
born. The progeny of the original mutation, Council Rock Farm Adams of
Hi-Fi, are now in all areas of the United States. What is interesting
and unusual about this particular mutation is that it has not been
reported in any other country thus far. It was felt, at first, that
since this mutation had occurred in the domestic American cat, the
standard for it should conform to that of the American Shorthair.
However, there were unique Wirehair qualities besides the coat that kept
cropping up in each litter, and were worth keeping.
The coat is the characteristic that separates the American Wirehair from
all other breeds. Just as there is a wide variety of texture in Persians
or Exotics, there is also considerable variation among the Wirehairs. As
this is a dominant mutation, approximately half of the kittens will be
wirehaired at birth. The most readily apparent wiring is that of the
whiskers and ideally, the entire coat will be wired at birth. If the
coat appears to be ringlets, it may be too long and may wave or
straighten with maturity. Some of the lightly wired coats may continue
to crimp during the early life of the Wirehair. The degree of coarseness
depends upon the coat texture of the sire and dam. To produce the best
wiring, both parents must have a hard coat.
Breeders find domestic American wirehair cats easy to care for,
resistant to disease, and good producers. Pet owners delight with their
quiet, reserved and loving ways. The American Wirehair is a spontaneous
mutation. The coat, which is not only springy, dense, and resilient, but
also coarse and hard to the touch, distinguishes the American Wirehair
from all other breeds. Characteristic is activity, agility, and keen
interest in its surroundings. A sweet, loving personality comes with the
kinky coat, and Wirehairs are playful without being hyper, and
affectionate without being clingy. Wirehairs generally dislike being
held and cuddled, though, preferring to be a "four on the floor" cat.